A uniform density sphere of mass ms, initial radius r0, specific heat c and coefficient of linear expansion α is at rest at the bottom of a bucket of water with density pω. A heater inside the sphere is turned on remotely and generates a heat Q. Since the sphere is well insulated, no heat is transferred to the water; however the heat causes the sphere to expand and rise to the surface.
a) What is the buoyant force on the sphere before the heater is turned on? (Give your answer in terms of the given quantities and check units.)
b) How much heat, Q, is required to cause the sphere to float to the surface such that half of the sphere is exposed to air? (Give your answer in terms of given quantities and check units.)
Frequently Asked Questions
What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Thermal Expansion concept. You can view video lessons to learn Thermal Expansion. Or if you need more Thermal Expansion practice, you can also practice Thermal Expansion practice problems.
How long does this problem take to solve?
Our expert Physics tutor, Jeffery took 9 minutes and 44 seconds to solve this problem. You can follow their steps in the video explanation above.