Uniform accelerated motion (UAM) equations:

$\overline{)\mathbf{}{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathit{f}}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathbf{0}}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{+}}{\mathit{a}}{\mathit{t}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{\mathbf{\u2206}}{\mathit{x}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}\mathbf{\left(}\frac{{\mathit{v}}_{\mathit{f}}\mathbf{+}{\mathit{v}}_{\mathbf{0}}}{\mathbf{2}}\mathbf{\right)}{\mathit{t}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{\mathbf{\u2206}}{\mathit{x}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathbf{0}}}{\mathit{t}}{\mathbf{+}}{\frac{1}{2}}{\mathit{a}}{{\mathit{t}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{\mathbf{}}{{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathit{f}}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}{{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathbf{0}}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{+}}{\mathbf{2}}{\mathit{a}}{\mathbf{\u2206}}{\mathit{x}}}$

(a)

We'll solve for time using kinematics:

We have:

- Δx = 1.00 cm(1m/100cm) = 0.01 m
- v
_{0}= 7.00 m/s - vf = 0.00 m/s

A 0.450-kg hammer is moving horizontally at 7.00 m/s when it strikes a nail and comes to rest after driving the nail 1.00 cm into a board. Assume constant acceleration of the hammer-nail pair.

a. Calculate the duration of the impact.

b. What was the average force exerted on the nail?

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