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Two asteroids of equal mass in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter collide with a glancing blow. Asteroid A, which was initially traveling at vA1 = 40.0 m/s with respect to an inertial frame in which asteroid was at rest, is deflected 30.0° from its original direction, while asteroid B travels at 45.0° to the original direction of A, as shown in the figure.
(a) Find the speed of asteroid A after the collision.
(b) Find the speed of asteroid B after the collision.
(c) What fraction of the original kinetic energy of asteroid dissipates during this collision?
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Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Popov's class at UMICH.