Concept #1: Power in Circuits
Practice: A hair dryer operates at 120 V (the voltage produced by a household outlet), and outputs 1200 W of energy. For this problem, treat the hair dryer as a single resistor.
(a) At what current does the hair dryer operate?
(b) What is the resistance of the hair dryer?
Practice: An incandescent lightbulb produces 100 W of light. If this lightbulb operates at 25% efficiency (meaning that out of all the power it generates, only 25% is released as light), what resistance must the lightbulb have if it operates at 120 V?