Concept #1: Magnetic Field Produced by Loops and Solenoids
Example #1: Find How Many Loops in a Solenoid
Practice: The single loop below has a radius of 10 cm and is perpendicular to the page (shown at a slight angle so you can better visualize it). If the magnetic field at the center is 10-6 T directed left, what is the magnitude of the current? What is the direction of the current at the top of the wire: into the page (towards left) or out of the page (towards right)?
Example #2: Designing a Solenoid (Total Length of Wire)
Practice: A long wire having total resistance of 10 Ω is made into a solenoid with 20 turns of wire per centimeter. The wire is connected to a battery, which provides a current in order to produce a 0.04 T magnetic field through the center of the solenoid. What voltage must this battery have?
Example #3: Find Magnetic Field By Two Concentric Loops
Practice: The two tightly wound solenoids below both have length 40 cm and current 5 A in the directions shown. The left solenoid has radius 20 cm and 50 m of total wire. The right solenoid has radius 0.5 cm and 314 m of total wire. The thinner solenoid is placed entirely inside the wider one so their central axes perfectly overlap. Assume wires don’t touch. What is the magnitude and direction of the magnetic field that is produced by a combination of the two solenoids at their central axis?