Consider the structural formula of acetaldehyde below.
(a) Give a chemical equation for the reaction between hydroxide ion (HO -) and acetaldehyde in which HO- acts as a Lewis base and acetaldehyde acts as a Lewis acid. IMPORTANT: The Lewis base that you give cannot be a Bronsted-Lowry base; the Lewis acid that you give cannot be a Bronsted-Lowry acid. Note: Use Lewis structures for each reactant/product and use curved arrows appropriately.
(b) Using Lewis structures for each reactant and each product and using curved arrows appropriately to show the flow of electrons in the reactants, give a chemical equation for the reaction between hydroxide ion (HO -) and acetaldehyde in which HO- acts as a Bronsted-Lowry base and acetaldehyde acts as a Bronsted-Lowry acid. Do not give the same answer that you gave in the first part of this question.
Frequently Asked Questions
What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Tautomerization concept. You can view video lessons to learn Tautomerization. Or if you need more Tautomerization practice, you can also practice Tautomerization practice problems.
What is the difficulty of this problem?
Our tutors rated the difficulty ofConsider the structural formula of acetaldehyde below. (a) ...as medium difficulty.
How long does this problem take to solve?
Our expert Organic tutor, Jonathan took 3 minutes and 15 seconds to solve this problem. You can follow their steps in the video explanation above.