Ch. 4 - Alkanes and CycloalkanesWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch. 1 - A Review of General Chemistry
Ch. 2 - Molecular Representations
Ch. 3 - Acids and Bases
Ch. 4 - Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Ch. 5 - Chirality
Ch. 6 - Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Ch. 7 - Substitution Reactions
Ch. 8 - Elimination Reactions
Ch. 9 - Alkenes and Alkynes
Ch. 10 - Addition Reactions
Ch. 11 - Radical Reactions
Ch. 12 - Alcohols, Ethers, Epoxides and Thiols
Ch. 13 - Alcohols and Carbonyl Compounds
Ch. 14 - Synthetic Techniques
Ch. 15 - Analytical Techniques: IR, NMR, Mass Spect
Ch. 16 - Conjugated Systems
Ch. 17 - Aromaticity
Ch. 18 - Reactions of Aromatics: EAS and Beyond
Ch. 19 - Aldehydes and Ketones: Nucleophilic Addition
Ch. 20 - Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: NAS
Ch. 21 - Enolate Chemistry: Reactions at the Alpha-Carbon
Ch. 22 - Condensation Chemistry
Ch. 23 - Amines
Ch. 24 - Carbohydrates
Ch. 25 - Phenols
Ch. 26 - Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins

Solution: What is the proper IUPAC name for the compound given below?a) 1-tert-butyl-2-butanolb) 5,5-dimethyl-3-hexanolc) 2,2-dimethyl-4-hexanold) 1,1,1-trimethyl-3-pentanol

Solution: What is the proper IUPAC name for the compound given below?a) 1-tert-butyl-2-butanolb) 5,5-dimethyl-3-hexanolc) 2,2-dimethyl-4-hexanold) 1,1,1-trimethyl-3-pentanol

Problem

What is the proper IUPAC name for the compound given below?


a) 1-tert-butyl-2-butanol

b) 5,5-dimethyl-3-hexanol

c) 2,2-dimethyl-4-hexanol

d) 1,1,1-trimethyl-3-pentanol

Solution

We’re being asked to name the given structure using IUPAC nomenclature.



Recall that IUPAC nomenclature follows this pattern:

Locations – Substituents – Root (Modifier)


The steps for IUPAC naming are:

Step 1: Determine the longest carbon chain and the parent name.

Step 2: List down the substituents present and their locants.

Step 3: Combine the locants, substituents, and parent name.


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