Ch. 19 - Aldehydes and Ketones: Nucleophilic AdditionWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch. 1 - A Review of General Chemistry
Ch. 2 - Molecular Representations
Ch. 3 - Acids and Bases
Ch. 4 - Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Ch. 5 - Chirality
Ch. 6 - Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Ch. 7 - Substitution Reactions
Ch. 8 - Elimination Reactions
Ch. 9 - Alkenes and Alkynes
Ch. 10 - Addition Reactions
Ch. 11 - Radical Reactions
Ch. 12 - Alcohols, Ethers, Epoxides and Thiols
Ch. 13 - Alcohols and Carbonyl Compounds
Ch. 14 - Synthetic Techniques
Ch. 15 - Analytical Techniques: IR, NMR, Mass Spect
Ch. 16 - Conjugated Systems
Ch. 17 - Aromaticity
Ch. 18 - Reactions of Aromatics: EAS and Beyond
Ch. 19 - Aldehydes and Ketones: Nucleophilic Addition
Ch. 20 - Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: NAS
Ch. 21 - Enolate Chemistry: Reactions at the Alpha-Carbon
Ch. 22 - Condensation Chemistry
Ch. 23 - Amines
Ch. 24 - Carbohydrates
Ch. 25 - Phenols
Ch. 26 - Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
Naming Aldehydes
Naming Ketones
Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
Oxidation of Alcohols
Alkyne Hydration
Nucleophilic Addition
Organometallics on Ketones
Overview of Nucleophilic Addition of Solvents
Acetal Protecting Group
Imine vs Enamine
Addition of Amine Derivatives
Wolff Kishner Reduction
Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation
Acid Chloride to Ketone
Nitrile to Ketone
Wittig Reaction
Ketone and Aldehyde Synthesis Reactions
Additional Practice
Physical Properties of Ketones and Aldehydes
Multi-Functionalized Carbonyl Nomenclauture
Catalytic Reduction of Carbonyls
Tollens’s Test
Fehling’s Test 
Alkyne Hydroboration to Yield Aldehydes
Nucleophilic Addition Reactivity
Strecker Synthesis
Synthesis Involving Acetals
Reduction of Carbonyls to Alkanes
Clemmensen vs Wolff-Kischner
Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation Synthesis
Weinreb Ketone Synthesis
Wittig Retrosynthesis
Horner–Wadsworth–Emmons Reaction
Carbonyl Missing Reagent
Carbonyl Hydrolysis
Carbonyl Synthesis
Carbonyl Retrosynthesis
Reactions of Ketenes
Ketene Synthesis
Additional Guides
Acetal and Hemiacetal

Concept #1: Nomenclature

Example #1: Name the ketone

Example #2: Name the ketone

Additional Problems
For parts A and B, write an acceptable IUPAC name or draw a structural formula for the following molecule.
Provide a systematic name for the compound below.
What is the IUPAC name for the following compound? a. (S)-2-methyl-2-bromobutanone b. (S)-2-bromo-2-methylcyclobutanone c. (R)-2-bromo-2-methylcyclobutanone d. (S)-1-bromo-1-methyl-2-cyclobutanone e. (R)-1-bromo-1-methyl-2-cyclobutanone
Draw chemical structures for the following two IUPAC names.     
What is the correct IUPAC name for the following compound? A) 5,5-Dimethyl-2-heptanone B) 5-Ethyl-5,5-dimethyl-Methyl-2-octanone C) 5-Ethyl-5-methyl- 2-hexanone D) 5,5-Dimethyl-2-octanone E) 3,3-Dimethyl-6-heptanone
Provide the complete IUPAC name for the following structure, including absolute stereochemical assignments where appropriate.
Provide the proper IUPAC name for the structure below. Designate stereochemistry, if necessary.
Write structural formulas for each of the following: (j) Three ketones with the formula C5H10O.
Give the IUPAC nomenclature of the following molecule. Include appropriate designations for geometric and chirality.  
Give the IUPAC name for the following structure
Classify each molecule as an aldehyde, ketone, or neither. Drag the appropriate molecules to their respective bins.
What is the systematic name of the following molecule?A) 2-isobutylheptan-4-oneB) 3,4-dimethylnonan-6-oneC) 2-ethyl-3-methyl-octan-5-oneD) 6,7-dimethylnonan-4-one
Select the correct common name and/or IUPAC name for the following structure:
Select the correct common and/or IUPAC name(s) for the following structure: 
Select the correct common name and/or IUPAC name for the following structure: 
Draw the line structure of the following molecule.(R)-3-hydroxyhexane-2,4-dione
The IUPAC name for the following molecule isa. 3-ethyl-1-phenyl-3-pentenoneb. 3-ethyl-5-phenyl-2-penten-4-onec. ally benzyl ketoned. (E)-3-ethyl-1-phenyl-3-penten-2-onee. (Z)-3-ethyl-1-phenyl-3-penten-2-one 
Name the following compound
What is the IUPAC name for this compound? 2, 5-dimethylcyclohexanone 1.4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexanone methylcyclohexanone 1, 4-dimethyl-2-cyclohexanone cyclohexyl methyl ketone
What is the correct I.U.P.A.C. name of the compound shown? Classify the alcohol shown.
Select the correct common name and/or IUPAC name for the following structure:a. 3-phenyl-3-ethanoyl-2-butanone b. 3-benzyl-3-ethanoyl-2-butanonec. 3-methyl-3-phenyl-2, 4-pentanedioned. 3-methyl-3-phenyl-4-methanoyl-2-butanone
Name the following compound. Spell out the full name of the compound.
Name the following compound.
Give the systematic names for these molecules. Be sure to address the alkene stereochemistry when naming the first one. For the second one, phenyl group how many carbons are there in the core alkanone string, given that the phenyl group is a substituent on that alkanone?
Give the systematic names for these molecules.
Determine the IUPAC name for the following compound: a. 1 bromo-8-methyl-7-phenyl-6-propyl-3-octanal b. 1-bromo-8-methyl-7-phenyl-6 propyl-3-octanone c. 1-bromo-7-phenyl-6-propyl-3-nonanone d. 1-bromo-7-phenyl-6-propyl-3-nonanal
Give the systematic (IUPAC) name for each molecule.  
Give the IUPAC name for the following compound:  
What is the IUPAC name for this compound? 
What is the IUPAC name for this compound? a. 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-2-heptanone b. 5-ethyl-4-hydroxy-2-hexanone c. 2-ethyl-3-hydroxy-5-hexanone d. 4-hydroxy-3-methyl-6-heptanone
Give the IUPAC name for the following compound: 
Provide the systematic name of the compound below.
What is the IUPAC name of the following compound?a. 3-bromo-4-hexanoneb. 2-bromo-1-ethyl-1-butanonec. 3-bromo-4-hexanald. 4-bromo-3-hexanone  
The IUPAC name for the following compound is? Please note - the bond between the C and O should be a double bond. Select one:a. 7-bromo-2-methyl-4-octanone.b. 2-bromo-7-methyl-5-octanonec. 6-bromo-1, 1-dimethyl-3-heptanoned. 4-bromo-1-isobutylpentanone 
Which is the correct name for the following compound. 
Give the systematic (IUPAC) name of each molecule.