Chemistry General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications
General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications Petrucci • 11th Edition • 978-0132931281

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Ch.1 - Matter: Its Properties and Measurement

The Scientific Method Mixtures Scientific Notation Accuracy & Precision Standard Deviation, Mean, Median & Mode Metric Prefixes Significant Figures Energy, Heat and Temperature Physical & Chemical Changes Physical & Chemical Properties Dimensional Analysis Density End of Chapter 1 Problems

Ch.2 - Atoms and the Atomic Theory

Periodic Table Isotopes Mass Spectrometry Subatomic Particles Atomic Theory Thomson's Cathode Ray Tube Experiment Oil Drop Experiment The Chadwick Neutron Experiment Gold Foil Experiment Mole Concept End of Chapter 2 Problems

Ch.3 - Chemical Compounds

Metal Alloys Polyatomic Ions Naming Covalent Compounds Naming Ionic Compounds Naming Acids Mass Percent Formula Empirical Formula Combustion Analysis

BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures

Laboratory Materials Experimental Error Distillation & Floatation Chromatography Filtration and Evaporation Extraction Test for Ions and Gases

BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions

Multiplication and Division Operations Addition and Subtraction Operations Power and Root Functions Logarithmic and Natural Logarithmic Functions The Quadratic Formula

Ch.4 - Chemical Reactions

Balancing Chemical Equations Functional Groups in Chemistry Stoichiometry Molarity Normality & Equivalent Weight Dilution Solution Stoichiometry

Ch.5 - Introduction to Reactions in Aqueous Solutions

Solubility Rules Net Ionic Equations Electrolytes Redox Reaction Balancing Redox Reactions Types of Chemical Reactions Activity Series End of Chapter 4 Problems

Ch.6 - Gases

Pressure Units Manometer Partial Pressure The Ideal Gas Law Standard Temperature and Pressure Effusion Root Mean Square Speed Kinetic Molecular Theory Van der Waals Equation End of Chapter 5 Problems

Ch.7 - Thermochemistry

Internal Energy Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions Calorimetry Hess's Law Enthalpy of Formation End of Chapter 6 Problems

Ch.8 - Electrons in Atoms

Wavelength and Frequency Diffraction vs Refraction The Particle Nature of Light Photoelectric Effect De Broglie Wavelength Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Bohr Model Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Electron Configuration Paramagnetic and Diamagnetic End of Chapter 7 Problems

Ch.9 - The Periodic Table and Some Atomic Properties

Effective Nuclear Charge The Spin Quantum Number Orbital Shapes Atomic Radius Periodic Trends: Atomic Radius Periodic Trends: Ionic Radius Periodic Trends: Ionization Energy Periodic Trends: Electron Affinity

Ch.10 - Chemical Bonding I: Basic Concepts

Chemical Bonds Lattice Energy Lattice Energy Application Born Haber Cycle Dipole Moment Lewis Dot Structure Octet Rule Formal Charge Resonance Structures

Ch.11 - Chemical Bonding II: Valence Bond and Molecular Orbital Theories

Molecular vs Electron Geometry Bond Angles Electronegativity Hybridization Molecular Orbital Theory Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules

Ch.12 - Intermolecular Forces: Liquids & Solids

Molecular Polarity Intermolecular Forces Phase Diagram Heating and Cooling Curves Unit Cell Clausius-Clapeyron Equation

Ch.13 - Spontaneous Change: Entropy and Gibbs Energy

Spontaneous Reaction First Law of Thermodynamics Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics Entropy Gibbs Free Energy

Ch.14- Solutions and Their Physical Properties

Solutions, Molarity and Intermolecular Forces Henry's Law Calculate Molarity Mass Percent Molality Mole Fraction ppm Boiling Point Elevation The Colligative Properties

Ch.15 - Principles of Chemical Equilibrium

Chemical Equilibrium Equilibrium Expressions ICE Chart Le Chatelier's Principle The Reaction Quotient

Ch.16 - Acids and Bases

Identifying Acids and Bases Arrhenius Acid and Base Bronsted Lowry Acid and Base Conjugate Acids and Bases Amphoteric Lewis Acid and Base pH and pOH Weak Bases Ka and Kb Ionic Salts Diprotic Acid Polyprotic Acid

Ch.17 - Additional Aspects of Acid-Base Equilibria

Buffer Acid and Base Titration Curves Weak Acid Strong Base Titrations Weak Base Strong Acid Titrations Strong Acid Strong Base Titrations Titrations of Diprotic and Polyprotic Acids

Ch.18 - Solubility and Complex-Ion Equilibria


Ch.19 - Electrochemistry

Redox Reaction Balancing Redox Reaction The Nernst Equation Faraday's Constant Galvanic Cell Batteries and Electricity

Ch.20 - Chemical Kinetics

Rate of Reaction Average Rate of Reaction Arrhenius Equation Rate Law Integrated Rate Law Collision Theory

Ch.21 - Chemistry of the Main-Group Elements I: Groups 1, 2, 13, and 14

Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Reactions Periodic Trends and Diagonal Relationships Boron Family

Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Main-Group Elements II: Groups 18, 17, 16, 15, and Hydrogen

Hydrogen Atom Carbon Family Nitrogen Family Oxygen Family Halogens

Ch.23 - The Transition Elements

Transition Metals Transition Metals Properties

Ch.24 - Complex Ions and Coordination Compounds

Coordination Complexes Naming Coordination Compounds Coordination Isomers

Ch.25 - Nuclear Chemistry

Radioactive Decay Band of Stability Magic Numbers First Order Half Life

Ch.26 - Structure of Organic Compounds

Introduction to Organic Chemistry Structural Formula Chirality Optical Isomers Hydrocarbon The Alkyl Group Naming Alkanes Naming Alkenes Naming Alkynes Functional Groups

Ch.27 - Reactions of Organic Compounds

Alkane Reactions Alkenes and Alkynes Benzene Reactions Alcohol Reactions Carboxylic Acid Derivative Reactions

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