Problem: In a thermodynamic study a scientist focuses on the properties of a solution in an apparatus as illustrated. A solution is continuously flowing into the apparatus at the top and out at the bottom, such that the amount of solution in the apparatus is constant with time.Is the solution in the apparatus a closed system, open system, or isolated system? Explain your choice.

FREE Expert Solution

1. Isolated System

▪ an isolated system does not exchange energy or matter

2. Open System

▪ an open system can freely exchange energy and matter with the surroundings

3. Closed System

▪ a closed system is a system that can only exchange energy, but not matter.

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Problem Details

In a thermodynamic study a scientist focuses on the properties of a solution in an apparatus as illustrated. A solution is continuously flowing into the apparatus at the top and out at the bottom, such that the amount of solution in the apparatus is constant with time.
A beaker filled with solution is shown with a tube labeled “In” near the top and a tube labeled “Out” near the bottom.

Is the solution in the apparatus a closed system, open system, or isolated system? Explain your choice.

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