All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: An experiment shows that a 248 -mL gas sample has a mass of 0.434 g at a pressure of 747 mm Hg and a temperature of 28 oC.What is the molar mass of the gas?

Problem

An experiment shows that a 248 -mL gas sample has a mass of 0.434 g at a pressure of 747 mm Hg and a temperature of 28 oC.

What is the molar mass of the gas?

Solution

We’re being asked to determine the molecular weight of the unknown gas. 

Recall that molecular weight is in grams per 1 mole of a substance.

Molecular Weight (MW)=gmol


Step1: First, we have to calculate the amount of gas in moles using the ideal gas equation.

PV=nRT

P = pressure, atm
V = volume, L
n = moles, mol
R = gas constant = 0.08206 (L·atm)/(mol·K)
T = temperature, K


Isolate n (number of moles of gas): 

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