Problem: Which of the following statements are inconsistent with Dalton's atomic theory as it was originally stated? Explain your answers.(a) All carbon atoms are identical. (b) An oxygen atom combines with 1.5 hydrogen atoms to form a water molecule. (c) Two oxygen atoms combine with a carbon atom to form a carbon dioxide molecule.(d) The formation of a compound often involves the destruction of one or more atoms.

FREE Expert Solution

According to Dalton's atomic theory:

  1. All matter is composed of atoms, indivisible and indestructible building blocks. 
  2. All atoms of the same element are identical (same type, size, mass) 
  3. Different elements have different types of atoms with different size and mass.
  4. Atoms of different elements combine in simple whole number ratios to form chemical compounds


Therefore, statements (a) and (c) are consistent. 

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Problem Details

Which of the following statements are inconsistent with Dalton's atomic theory as it was originally stated? Explain your answers.

(a) All carbon atoms are identical. 

(b) An oxygen atom combines with 1.5 hydrogen atoms to form a water molecule. 

(c) Two oxygen atoms combine with a carbon atom to form a carbon dioxide molecule.

(d) The formation of a compound often involves the destruction of one or more atoms.

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