Problem: The lattice energy of KF is 794 kJ/mol, and the interionic distance is 269 pm. The Na–F distance in NaF, which has the same structure as KF, is 231 pm. Which of the following values is the closest approximation of the lattice energy of NaF: 682 kJ/mol, 794 kJ/mol, 924 kJ/mol, 1588 kJ/mol, or 3175 kJ/mol? Explain your answer.

FREE Expert Solution

Recall: Lattice energy is the energy required to separate an ionic compound into its individual ions. It is given by:

where C = a constant that depends on the crystal structure of the ionic compound, Z+ = charge of the cation, Z = charge of the anion, and Ro = interionic distance or the distance between the cation and anion.

View Complete Written Solution
Problem Details

The lattice energy of KF is 794 kJ/mol, and the interionic distance is 269 pm. The Na–F distance in NaF, which has the same structure as KF, is 231 pm. Which of the following values is the closest approximation of the lattice energy of NaF: 682 kJ/mol, 794 kJ/mol, 924 kJ/mol, 1588 kJ/mol, or 3175 kJ/mol? Explain your answer.

Frequently Asked Questions

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Lattice Energy concept. You can view video lessons to learn Lattice Energy. Or if you need more Lattice Energy practice, you can also practice Lattice Energy practice problems.

What textbook is this problem found in?

Our data indicates that this problem or a close variation was asked in Chemistry - OpenStax 2015th Edition. You can also practice Chemistry - OpenStax 2015th Edition practice problems.