All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: The oxides of Group 2A metals (symbolized by M here) react with carbon dioxide according to the following reaction:MO(s) + CO2(g) → MCO3(s)A 2.85-g sample containing only MgO and CuO is placed in a 3.00-L container. The container is filled with CO2 to a pressure of 740. torr at 20.°C. After the reaction has gone to completion, the pressure inside the flask is 390. torr at 20.°C. What is the mass percent of MgO in the mixture? Assume that only the MgO reacts with CO2.

Solution: The oxides of Group 2A metals (symbolized by M here) react with carbon dioxide according to the following reaction:MO(s) + CO2(g) → MCO3(s)A 2.85-g sample containing only MgO and CuO is placed in a 3.

Problem

The oxides of Group 2A metals (symbolized by M here) react with carbon dioxide according to the following reaction:

MO(s) + CO2(g) → MCO3(s)

A 2.85-g sample containing only MgO and CuO is placed in a 3.00-L container. The container is filled with CO2 to a pressure of 740. torr at 20.°C. After the reaction has gone to completion, the pressure inside the flask is 390. torr at 20.°C. What is the mass percent of MgO in the mixture? Assume that only the MgO reacts with CO2.

Solution
  • We can get the mass of MgO by calculating the moles of COreacted using the conditions provided which can be plugged in to the ideal gas equation
  • The mass of MgO will be divided by 2.85 g sample to get the mass % MgO
  • The reaction of Mg with COwill appear as

MgO(s) + CO2(g) → MgCO3(s)

  • Calculating for the moles COreacted, it will appear as:

Moles COreacted = moles COinitially - moles CO2  excess

  • Calculating for the moles of COinitally and excess using ideal gas equation (assuming COis the only gas in the vessel):
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