We’re being asked to name the compound HClO3(aq) in aqueous solution.
Recall that acids come in two different forms: Binary acids and Oxyacids (or oxoacids).
A binary acid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to negative ion.
An oxyacid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to a polyatomic ion containing oxygen.
Rules for Naming Binary Acids:
a. The prefix will be hydro-
b. Use the base name of the nonmetal (anion)
Which of the following best names the compound HClO 3 (aq) in aqueous solution?
a) Chloric acid
b) Hydrochloric acid
c) Hydrogen chloride
d) Hypochloric acid
e) Perchloric acid
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