Chemistry Practice Problems Bronsted Lowry Acid and Base Practice Problems Solution: HI(aq) + H2O(l) ⇌ H3O(aq) + I-(aq)Identify each as...

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Solution: HI(aq) + H2O(l) ⇌ H3O(aq) + I-(aq)Identify each as either a: Bronsted-Lowry acid, Bronsted-Lowry base, conjugate acid, or conjugate base.

Problem

HI(aq) + H2O(l) ⇌ H3O(aq) + I-(aq)

Identify each as either a: Bronsted-Lowry acid, Bronsted-Lowry base, conjugate acid, or conjugate base.

Solution

We are being asked to identify each species in the reaction as either a Bronsted-Lowry acid, Bronsted-Lowry base, conjugate acid, or conjugate base.


Let’s define each term first.

Bronsted-Lowry acid → proton (H+) donor

Conjugate base → one less hydrogen form of the Bronsted-Lowry acid

Bronsted-Lowry base → proton (H+) acceptor

Conjugate acid → one hydrogen greater than Bronsted-Lowry base


Reaction given:      HI(aq) + H2O(l)  H3O+(aq) + I-(aq)

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