Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular StructureWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds
Sections
Chemical Bonds
Lattice Energy
Lattice Energy Application
Born Haber Cycle
Dipole Moment
Lewis Dot Structure
Octet Rule
Formal Charge
Resonance Structures
Additional Practice
Bond Energy

Solution: Which of the following contains an atom that does not obey the octet rule?a. KBrb. CO2c. ClF3d. ICl

Solution: Which of the following contains an atom that does not obey the octet rule?a. KBrb. CO2c. ClF3d. ICl

Problem

Which of the following contains an atom that does not obey the octet rule?

a. KBr

b. CO2

c. ClF3

d. ICl

Solution

We’re being asked to determine which molecule contains an atom that does not follow the octet rule


Recall that the octet rule states that an element is surrounded by eight electrons in the Lewis structure. 


Exceptions to this rule occur when:

• there is an odd number of electrons, like in radicals

• there are less than 8 electrons or incomplete octet

• there are more than 8 electrons or expanded octet. This occurs to nonmetals from Period 3 to 7.


For this problem, we need to draw the Lewis structure for each compound. 


To do so, we need the following steps:

Step 1: Determine the central atom in this molecule.

Step 2: Calculate the total number of valence electrons present.

Step 3: Draw the Lewis structure for the molecule.


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