Problem: NAMING ALKANES When naming any alkane compound there is a set of rules you should follow to get the correct answer. Find the longest carbon chain and assign a root name accordingly. If there is a tie between longest chains, choose the chain that gives _____________ substituents. Number the chain from the end closest to a substituent. Substituents will be named alphabetically and a number will accompany the location of their attachment. If more than one of a similar alkyl group is present then we must use numerical prefixes to describe the number of them. __________ – 2                __________ – 3                __________ – 4                __________ – 5  

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NAMING ALKANES

When naming any alkane compound there is a set of rules you should follow to get the correct answer.

  1. Find the longest carbon chain and assign a root name accordingly.
  2. If there is a tie between longest chains, choose the chain that gives _____________ substituents.
  3. Number the chain from the end closest to a substituent.
  4. Substituents will be named alphabetically and a number will accompany the location of their attachment.
  5. If more than one of a similar alkyl group is present then we must use numerical prefixes to describe the number of them.

__________ – 2                __________ – 3                __________ – 4                __________ – 5

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