Problem: Combustion analysis of 2.400 g of an unknown compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen produced 4.171 g of CO2 and 2.268 g of H2O. What is the empirical formula of the compound?A) C2H5O2B) C2H5OC) C2H10O3 D) C3H8O2

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FREE Expert Solution
FREE Expert Solution

We’re being asked to determine the empirical formula of a compound composed of C, H, and O given the combustion analysis.


Recall that in combustion analysisa compound reacts with excess O2 to form products


For a compound composed of C, H, and O, the reaction looks like this:


CxHyOz + O2 (excess)  x CO2y H2O


This means we need to do the following steps:

Step 1: Calculate the mass of C and H in the compound.

Step 2: Calculate the mass of O in the compound.

Step 3: Determine the lowest whole number ratio of C, H, and O to get the empirical formula.


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Problem Details

Combustion analysis of 2.400 g of an unknown compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen produced 4.171 g of CO2 and 2.268 g of H2O. What is the empirical formula of the compound?

A) C2H5O2

B) C2H5O

C) C2H10O

D) C3H8O2