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Solution: An electron in a(n) __________ subshell experiences the greatest effective nuclear charge in a many-electron atom.A) 3fB) 3pC) 3dD) 3sE) 4s

Problem

An electron in a(n) __________ subshell experiences the greatest effective nuclear charge in a many-electron atom.

A) 3f

B) 3p

C) 3d

D) 3s

E) 4s

Solution

We’re being asked to determine the orbital that experiences the most shielding


Recall that shielding is the resistance of an electron from the attractive forces exerted by the nucleus


Electrons that are further away from the nucleus have greater shieldingThis means the orbital that experiences that greatest shielding is farthest from the nucleus.


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