Problem: Consider the reactions below:1. HBr (aq) + H2O (l) → H3O+ (aq) + Br- (aq)2. HCl (g) → H+ (g) + Cl- (g)3. H- (aq) + H2O (l) → H2 (g) + OH- (aq)4. Mg(OH)2 (aq) → Mg2+ (aq) + 2OH- (aq)  5. OCl- (aq) + H2O (l) → HOCl (aq) + OH- (aq)Which of these species are Arrhenius acids?Which of these species are Arrhenius bases?Which of these species are Lowry Bronsted acids?Which of these species are Lowry Bronsted bases?

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We are asked to identify species in chemical reactions as Arrhenius Acids, Arrhenius Bases, Bronsted Lowry Acids, or Bronsted Lowry Bases.


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Problem Details

Consider the reactions below:

1. HBr (aq) + H2O (l) → H3O+ (aq) + Br- (aq)
2. HCl (g) → H+ (g) + Cl- (g)
3. H- (aq) + H2O (l) → H2 (g) + OH- (aq)
4. Mg(OH)2 (aq) → Mg2+ (aq) + 2OH- (aq)  
5. OCl- (aq) + H2O (l) → HOCl (aq) + OH- (aq)

Which of these species are Arrhenius acids?

Which of these species are Arrhenius bases?

Which of these species are Lowry Bronsted acids?

Which of these species are Lowry Bronsted bases?

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Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Identifying Acids and Bases concept. You can view video lessons to learn Identifying Acids and Bases. Or if you need more Identifying Acids and Bases practice, you can also practice Identifying Acids and Bases practice problems.