Ch. 17 - Chemical ThermodynamicsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Boltzmann Equation

See all sections
Sections
Spontaneous Reaction
First Law of Thermodynamics
Entropy
Gibbs Free Energy
Additional Practice
Boltzmann Equation
Additional Guides
Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics

Solution: Consider the following changes in the distribution of nine particles into three interconnected boxes.Which of the following has the most negative ΔS?

Solution: Consider the following changes in the distribution of nine particles into three interconnected boxes.Which of the following has the most negative ΔS?

Problem

Consider the following changes in the distribution of nine particles into three interconnected boxes.The image contains three parts, all having 2 sets of three connected boxes representing before and after. In part a there are 4 atoms in the first two boxes, and one in the third. Then it goes to three atoms in each box. In part b there are 4 atoms in box 1, two in box 2, and three in box three. Then it goes to 6 atoms in box 1, three in box 2, and 0 in box three. In part c there are three atoms in box 1, 4 in box 2, and two in box three. It goes to 2 in box 1, three in box 2, and four in box 3.

Which of the following has the most negative ΔS?