Ch.15 - Acid and Base EquilibriumWorksheetSee all chapters
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Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
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Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Acidity of the hypohalous oxyacids (YOH) as a function of electronegativity of Y.At equilibrium, which of the two species with a halogen atom (green) is present in greater concentration?

Solution: Acidity of the hypohalous oxyacids (YOH) as a function of electronegativity of Y.At equilibrium, which of the two species with a halogen atom (green) is present in greater concentration?

Problem


Space-filling models show the reaction of halogen-OH acids with water.  A table lists dissociation constants. The overall reaction is Y-OH plus H2O goes, via a two-headed arrow, to YO- plus H3O+.  The reaction proceeds in the following steps: 1. YOH: As the electronegativity of Y increases, electron density shifts toward Y. 2. YOH: The O-H bond becomes more polar. 3. H3O+: Protons are more readily transferred to H2O, leading to increased acid strength.
Acidity of the hypohalous oxyacids (YOH) as a function of electronegativity of Y.

At equilibrium, which of the two species with a halogen atom (green) is present in greater concentration?

Solution

Establish how Ka is related to the concentration of H3O+ and determine which among the hypohalous acids will be most acidic

Recall that Ka represents the dissociation of H3O+ when the weak acid reacts with water.

As an example, weak acid HA will react with water to form H3Oion:

HA (aq) + H2O (l) ⇋ A(aq) + H3O+ (aq)

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