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Compounds like sodium stearate, called "surfactants" in general, can form structures known as micelles in water, once the solution concentration reaches the value known as the critical micelle concentration (cmc). Micelles contain dozens to hundreds of molecules. The cmc depends on the substance, the solvent, and the temperature. At and above the cmc, the properties of the solution vary drastically.
Chemists have developed fluorescent dyes that glow brightly only when the dye molecules are in a hydrophobic environment. Predict how the intensity of such fluorescence would relate to the concentration of sodium stearate as the sodium stearate concentration approaches and then increases past the cmc.
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