Problem: In terms of the arrangement and freedom of motion of the molecules, how are the nematic liquid crystalline phase and an ordinary liquid phase similar?

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We have to explain how the nematic phase of a liquid crystal differs from the ordinary liquid phase.


Liquids undergo a phase transition to solids upon cooling. There are however substances, known as the liquid crystals, which show an intermediate phase between a liquid and solid.

The particles in liquid crystals are ordered like a solid and yet able to flow like a liquid.

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In terms of the arrangement and freedom of motion of the molecules, how are the nematic liquid crystalline phase and an ordinary liquid phase similar?

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