Problem: Identify the Lewis acid and Lewis base in the reaction:(c) 4 CO + Ni ⇌ Ni(CO)4

🤓 Based on our data, we think this question is relevant for Professor Welch's class at UVA.

FREE Expert Solution

Based on the Lewis definition:

Lewis acid is an electron pair acceptor.

Some characteristics of a Lewis acid:

When hydrogen is connected to an electronegative element such as P, O, N, S or halogens

▪ hydrogen gains a partially positive charge → makes hydrogen act as a Lewis acid

Positively charged metal ions

▪ can accept negative electron pairs → can act as Lewis Acids

Central element that has less than 8 valence electrons around it

▪ more likely to accept an electron pair to follow the octet rule
▪ can accept electron pair → can act as Lewis acid


Lewis base is an electron pair donor.

Some characteristics of a Lewis base:

Compounds that have lone pair(s) on a central element can act as Lewis bases.
Compounds that possess a negative charge can act as Lewis Bases. 


4 CO + Ni ⇌ Ni(CO)4

CO

View Complete Written Solution
Problem Details

Identify the Lewis acid and Lewis base in the reaction:

(c) 4 CO + Ni ⇌ Ni(CO)4

Frequently Asked Questions

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Lewis Acid and Base concept. You can view video lessons to learn Lewis Acid and Base. Or if you need more Lewis Acid and Base practice, you can also practice Lewis Acid and Base practice problems.

What professor is this problem relevant for?

Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Welch's class at UVA.

What textbook is this problem found in?

Our data indicates that this problem or a close variation was asked in Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change - Silberberg 8th Edition. You can also practice Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change - Silberberg 8th Edition practice problems.