Problem: Consider the lattice energies of the following Group 2A compounds: BeH2, 3205 kJ/mol; MgH2, 2791 kJ/mol; CaH2, 2410 kJ/mol; SrH2, 2250 kJ/mol; BaH2, 2121 kJ/mol.Consider BeH2. Does it require 3205 kJ of energy to break one mole of the solid into its ions, or does breaking up one mole of solid into its ions release 3205 kJ of energy?

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FREE Expert Solution
FREE Expert Solution

Lattice Energy is a type of potential energy that can be defined in two ways:

  1.  It is the energy required to break apart an ionic solid and convert its component atoms into gaseous ions.
       ΔH — positive (+)
  2. It is the energy reverse released when gaseous ions bind to form an ionic solid.
       ΔH — negative (–)
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Problem Details

Consider the lattice energies of the following Group 2A compounds: BeH2, 3205 kJ/mol; MgH2, 2791 kJ/mol; CaH2, 2410 kJ/mol; SrH2, 2250 kJ/mol; BaH2, 2121 kJ/mol.

Consider BeH2. Does it require 3205 kJ of energy to break one mole of the solid into its ions, or does breaking up one mole of solid into its ions release 3205 kJ of energy?