Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the ElementsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Choose the element with the more negative (more exothermic) electron affinity from each of the following pairs.C or N

Solution: Choose the element with the more negative (more exothermic) electron affinity from each of the following pairs.C or N

Problem

Choose the element with the more negative (more exothermic) electron affinity from each of the following pairs.

C or N

Solution

We’re being asked to determine the element with the most negative electron affinity (i.e. high electron affinity). 


Recall that electron affinity is the energy change from the addition of 1 e to a gaseous element/ion


It is represented by this chemical equation:

Atom(g) + e  Ion(g), ΔE = –E.A. 


The trend for electron affinity is as follows: it increases from left to right and decreases down a period in the periodic table. The given elements are:


Solution BlurView Complete Written Solution