Ch.3 - Chemical ReactionsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds
Binary Acid Nomenclature

Concept #1: Rules for Naming Binary Acids

Transcript

Before we begin, we should realize that acids come in two different forms. We have our binary acids and we have our oxy or oxoacids. Now let's take a look at the binary acids. What exactly are the features of a binary acid?
First of all, a binary acid has to have H+. That H+ will be connected to a negative ion, an anion. Now, remember this negative ion or anion comes in two different types for binary acids. It could either be a negative nonmetal. Example, we could have Cl-. Remember, chlorine is in group 7A, so its charge is -1. That H+ will combine with the Cl- to give us HCl. That will be an example of a binary acid.
Now, the anion could also be a negative polyatomic ion with no oxygens. A good example of polyatomic ion with no oxygens is CN-. The H+ and the CN- will combine to give us HCN, another type of binary acid.
So, what are we supposed to take from this? Well, we should realize that binary acids all have hydrogen involved. That hydrogen will be connected to non-metals that came from a negative ion. What we should also realize is that binary acids contain no oxygens at all. This is the difference between a binary acid and an oxy or oxo acid. Binary acids don't contain any oxygen, oxy or oxoacids do contain oxygen.
Now, we're going to say when it comes to naming binary acids, we follow these rules. We're going to say that prefix or the beginning of the name will be hydro. This hydro name comes from the H+ ion involved in creating our binary acid. We're going to say, we're going to use the base name of the nonmetal, the base name of the negative ion, the anion. We're going to say the suffix or ending of our binary acids will be -ic acid. 

binary acid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to negative ion

Example #1: Write the formula for each of the following compounds:

a) Hydroiodic acid                                  b)  Hydroselenic acid                              c)  Hydrofluoric acid

Practice: Give the systematic name for each of the following compounds:

a. HBr                    b. H2S                   c. HCN 

Oxyacid Nomenclature

Concept #2: Rules for Naming Oxyacids

Transcript

Okay, guys, we're going to continue with the same page that we’ve been on, but now we're going to learn how to name oxo or oxyacids. First thing firsts, what are the features of an oxy or oxoacid? Well, we have to say that they contain H+ and now the second feature is that they possess a negative polyatomic ion with oxygen, with oxygen or oxygens. So, that’s the defining characteristic of oxo or oxyacids. Here we have a polyatomic ion connected to our H+. That polyatomic ion has one or more oxygens present.
Now, what are the rules for naming these types of acids? We're going to say, if the polyatomic ion that’s involved in the oxy or oxoacids has 'ate' as the ending then we’re going to change that ‘ate’ ending to 'ic' acid. If the polyatomic ion ends with -ite, then we're going to say we change the -ite ending to 'ous' acid. Again, remembering your polyatomic ion is going to be essential for naming oxo or oxyacids. Without that, it’s going to be really difficult.

An oxyacid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to a polyatomic ion containing oxygen

Example #2: Give the systematic name or formula for each of the following compounds:

a)  H2CO3                                             b)  Nitric acid                                         c)  H2SO4

Practice: Give the systematic name or formula for each of the following compounds:

a. Hypobromous acid                b. HClO3                     c. Acetic Acid 

Determine the names for N2O5 and HNO3 A. nitrogen pentoxide and nitrous acid B. nitrogen oxide and nitric acid C. nitrogen (IV) oxide and hydronitrous acid D. nitrogen (II) oxide and hydrogen (I) nitrate E. dinitrogen pentoxide and nitric acid
Name the following compounds:  Cl2O7 _______________________________________________________________ Co(NO2)3 • 4H2O _______________________________________________________________ Mg(HCO3)2 _______________________________________________________________   Write formulas for the following compounds: chromium(III) hypobromite ________________________________________________________ sulfurous acid ________________________________________________________   
Which of the following compounds whose formulas are in the left hand–column is incorrectly named in the right–hand column? A. SO3                    sulfur (VI) oxide B. HClO2                chlorous acid C. VBr3                   vanadium (III) bromide D. Sn(SO4)2           tin (IV) sulfate E. K3P                    potassium phosphide
Determine the names for I2F7 and HNO2 a. iodine heptoxide and nitrous acid b. iodine fluoride and nitric acid c. diiodine heptafluoride and nitrous acid d. heptafluoroidic acid and hydrogen (I) nitrite. e. diiodoheptafluorodine and nitric acid
Write the formula for each acid.hydrofluoric acid
Write the formula for each acid.hydrobromic acid
Write the formula for each acid.sulfurous acid
Write the formula for each acid.phosphoric acid
Write the formula for each acid.chlorous acid
Determine the chemical formula of each of the following compounds:perchloric acid
Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.hypochlorous acid,
Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.iodic acid,
Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.sulfurous acid.
Carbonic acid occurs in carbonated beverages. When allowed to react with lithium hydroxide it produces lithium carbonate. Lithium carbonate is used to treat depression and bipolar disorder.Write chemical formula for carbonic acid.
Use the nomenclature flow chart (the following figure) to name each compound. HNO2(aq)
Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.HBrO3,
Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.H3 PO4,
Assume that you encounter the following sentences in your reading. What is the chemical formula for each substance mentioned?When cadmium sulfide is treated with sulfuric acid, fumes of hydrogen sulfide are given off.
What is the name of the following polyatomic ion, ClO – ?a) Chloride           b) Perchlorate           c) Chlorate           d) Hypochlorite  Based on the previous question, the compound HClO is correctly named as: a) Hydrochloric acid           b) Chloro-oxyacid           c) Hypochlorous acid           d) Chloric acid
Provide the missing information.Formula                       NameCuCl2                           _________________________ ______                        nitrous acid NF3                                 _________________________ 
The formula for arsenous acid is:a) H2AsO3b) H3AsO2c) H2AsO4d) H3AsO4e) H3AsO3
What is the name of H2SO4(aq)?a. hydrogen persulfateb. sulfurous acidc. dihydrogen sulfur tetraoxided. sulfuric acide. dihydrosulfate
SeO42- is the  selenate ion, so the correct nomenclature for H 2SeO3 isa. hydroselenic acidb. selenic acidc. selenous acidd. hydroselenous acide. hyposelenous acid
Name the acid H3PO4 (dissolved in water).A) Hydrogen phosphate acidB) Phosphoric acidC) Hydrophosphoric acidD) Phosphorous acidE) Hydrophosphate acid
Write the chemical formula or the name for the following.A. Boron PhosphideB. Tetraphosphorous trisulfideC. Nitric acidD. Silver hypochloriteE. Pb3N4F. MnSO3G. ICI3H. SF6
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct:   i. The correct formula for carbonic acid is HCO 3-   ii. The correct name for HBrO4 is perbromic acid   iii. The correct formula for hydrosulfuric acid is H2SO4A) i onlyB) ii onlyC) iii onlyD) i and iiE) i and iii
Name each acid. a. Hl
All but one of the following compounds is named incorrectly. Which of the following statements is correctly named?1. Iron (III) nitrate is Fe(NO3)32. Manganese sulfate is MnSO33. Bromic acid is HBrO4. Lithium phosphide is Li3PO4
Sulfurous acid is:a. H2Sb. H2SO2c. H2SO4d. H2SO3e. HSO3
Write the formula and calculate the molecular weight for hypobromous acid.
What is the name of the acid whose formula is HI?
Which of the following statements is correct.i. The formula for hydrosulfurous acid is H2SO3ii. The correct name for HBrO3 is bromic acidiii. The symbol for hypobromous acid is HBrOa. i onlyb. ii onlyc. iii onlyd. i and iie. ii and iii
Determine the name for HClO3.A) hydrochlorus acidB) chloric acidC) perchloric acidD) hydrochloric acidE) chlorate acid
Name each acid. b. HNO3
Name each acid. c. H2CO3
Name each acid. d. HC2H3O2
Name each acid. a. HCl
Name each acid. b. HClO2
Name each acid. c. H2SO4
Name each acid. d. HNO2
Write formulas for each acid.a. hydrofluoric acidb. hydrobromic acidc. sulfurous acid
Write formulas for each acid.a. phosphoric acidb. hydrocyanic acidc. chlorous acid
Choose the CORRECT formula/name combination.a. Fe(H2PO4)3 Iron dihydrogen phosphateb. Fe(H2PO4)3 Iron(III) hydrogen phosphatec. HCl(g) Hydrochloric acidd. H2O Dihydrogen oxidee. H3N Trihydrogen mononitride
What is the correct name for HCIO 4a. hydrogen perchlorateb. perchlorous acidc. perchloric acidd. chloric acide. chlorous acid
Write the formulas for the following compoundsa) ammonium sulfate: b) calcium hypobromite: c) magnesium hydroxide: d) aluminum phosphate: e) hydroiodic acid: 
What are the names of acids HNO 3 and HI?A. nitric acid and hydroiodic acidB. hydronitric acid and hydroiodic acidC. hydrogen nitrate and hydrogen iodideD. nitric acid and hdrogen iodide
If a formula is given, provide the name. If a name is given, provide the formula.a. LiOHb. Perchloric acidc. SeF6d. potassium permanganatee. chromium (III) nitratef. tetraphosphorous decasulfideg. VCl5
Name each of the following compounds:a. HC2H3O2
Name each of the following compounds:g. H2SO4
Determine the name for H2CO3.A) carbonous acidB) dihydrogen carbonateC) carbonic acidD) hydrocarbonic acidE) hydrocarbide acid
Determine the name for HClO3.A) hydrochloric acidB) hydrochlorus acidC) chlorate acidD) chloric acidE) perchloric acid
Determine the name for aqueous HBr.A) bromic acidB) bromous acidC) hydrobromous acidD) hydrogen bromateE) hydrobromic acid
Name each of the following compounds:l. HClO
Knowing the names of similar chlorine oxyanions and acids, deduce the names of the following:IO–, IO2–, IO3–, IO4–, HIO, HIO2, HIO3, HIO4.
a. What is the chemical formula for the base iron(III) hydroxide? b. The formula for the oxalate ion is C2O42- . Predict the formula for oxalic acid. c. Identify the following as a Nitric, Nitrous, Chloric, or Hydrochloric: HNO 3, HCI, HNO2, HCIO3
Determine the names for N2O5 and HNO3. a. nitrogen pentoxide and nitrous acid b. nitrogen oxide and nitric acid c. nitrogen (IV) oxide and hydronitrous acid d. nitrogen (II) oxide and hydrogen (I) nitrate e. dinitrogen pentoxide and nitric acid
Name the following acids:a) HI              b) H2SO3       c) HClO4       d) HBrO3      e) H2Te
The chemical formula for sulfurous acid is _______________ .
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:f. iodous acid
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:l. nitrous acid
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:g. hydrobromic acid
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:h. bromous acid
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:i. perbromic acid
Name the following acids illustrated below.
Name the acids illustrated below.
Name the following acids illustrated below.
Name the compound H3BO. (H3BO3 is boric acid.)1. hydrogen borate2. hydrogen perborate3. hypoboric acid4. hypoborous acid5. perboric acid6. boric acid7. borous acid8. hydrogen boron oxide
Name the following acids illustrated below.
Name the following acids illustrated below.
The name for the two compounds HBrO and Fe2(SeO3)3 are, respectively:A) hypobromic acid, iron (III) seleniteB) hypobromous acid, iron (III) seleniteC) bromic acid, iron (II) selenite D) perbromic acid, iron (II) selenateE) hypobromous acid, iron (III) selenate
Each of the following compounds is incorrectly named. What is wrong with each name, and what is the correct name for each compound?i. HNO3, nitrate acid
Each of the following compounds is incorrectly named. What is wrong with each name, and what is the correct name for each compound?j. H2S, sulfuric acid
Which acid/name pair is NOT correct?a. HBr, hydrobromic acidb. H2CrO4, chromic acidc. H3PO4, hydrophosphoric acidd. HCl, hydrochloric acid
What is the chemical formula of the oxyacid perphosphoric acid? Express your answer as a chemical formula.
Gaseous HCl is known asa. hydrogen chloride.b. hydrochloric acid.c. monohydrogen monochloride.d. hydride (I) chloride.e. hydrogen monochlorine.
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:f. iodous acid
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:l. nitrous acid
Provide the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.hydroiodic acid
Provide the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.chloric acid
Provide the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.nitrous acid
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:g. hydrobromic acid 
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:h. bromous acid 
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:i. perbromic acid 
Enter the chemical formula for perchloric acid.
Many chemical names are similar at first glance. Give the formulas of the species in each set:(c) Hydrochloric acid, chloric acid, and chlorous acid
Write the formulas of the following compounds:(e) hydrogen fluoride
Write the formulas of the following compounds:(e) sulfuric acid
Sample Exercise 2.13 Practice Exercise 1bWhich of the following acids are incorrectly named? If you believe that it is incorrect, provide a correct name or formula.(b) nitrous acid, HNO3 
Sample Exercise 2.13 Practice Exercise 1cWhich of the following acids are incorrectly named? If you believe that it is incorrect, provide a correct name or formula.(c) perbromic acid, HBrO4 
Sample Exercise 2.13 Practice Exercise 1dWhich of the following acids are incorrectly named? If you believe that it is incorrect, provide a correct name or formula.(d) iodic acid, HI 
Sample Exercise 2.13 Practice Exercise 1eWhich of the following acids are incorrectly named? If you believe that it is incorrect, provide a correct name or formula.(e) selenic acid, H2SeO4
Use the nomenclature flow chart (the following figure) to name each compound.HC2H3O2(aq)
Provide the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.H2CO3
Before the use of systematic names, many compounds had common names. Give the systematic name for each of the following:(c) Oil of vitriol, H2SO4
Provide the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.HClO4
Provide the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.CH3COOH
Before the use of systematic names, many compounds had common names. Give the systematic name for each of the following:(e) Muriatic acid, HCl
Name the acid HF(aq).
Name the oxyacid HNO2(aq).
Which of the following acids are incorrectly named? If you believe that it is incorrect, provide a correct name or formula.(a) hydrofluoric acid, HF 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(a) hydrogen carbonate 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(b) IO4− 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(c) cyanide 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(d) HS−
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(a) perchlorate 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(b) NO3− 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(c) bromite 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(d) H2PO4−
Correct the name to match the formula of the following compounds: (d) hydrogen chloride acid, HCl
Name the following compounds:(e) HBr
Use the flowchart in the figure to name H2SO3(aq).
Name each acid.HI(aq)
Correct the formula to match the name of the following compounds: (b) chloric acid, HCl
Name each acid.HCl(aq)
Name each acid.H2SO4(aq)
Name each of the following compounds. Assume the acids are dissolved in water.a. HC2H3O2
Name each of the following compounds. Assume the acids are dissolved in water.g. H2SO4
Name each of the following compounds. Assume the acids are dissolved in water.l. HClO
Each of the following compounds is incorrectly named. What is wrong with each name, and what is the correct name for each compound? i. HNO3, nitrate acid
Each of the following compounds is incorrectly named. What is wrong with each name, and what is the correct name for each compound? j. H2S, sulfuric acid
Name the acids illustrated below.
Name the acids illustrated below.
Name the acids illustrated below.
Name the acids illustrated below.
Name the acids illustrated below.
Which of the following sets of names and compounds is correct?A. HClO (aq), hypochlorous acid    B. H3PO4 (aq), phosphorous acid    C. HCl (aq), hypochloric acid    D. H2CrO4 (aq), perchromic acid    E. H2SO3 (aq), sulfuric acid
What is the formula for hydrosulfuric acid?
What is the name of H2SO3?
What is the name of the following ion: H 2PO4-?
Name each acid.HClO2(aq)
Wha is the name of HBr (in water)?
Name each acid.HNO3(aq)
Write the chemical formula for each substance mentioned in the following word descriptions (use the front inside cover of the textbook to find the symbols for the elements you dont know).Perchloric acid reacts with cadmium to form cadmium(II) perchlorate.
Name each acid.H2CO3(aq)
Write the formula for each acid.hydrocyanic acid
What is the formula for hydrobromic acid?A. HBr B. HBrO C. HBrO2D. HBrO3 E. HBrO4
Determine the name for aqueous HBr.A) bromic acidB) bromous acidC) hydrogen bromateD) hydrobromic acidE) hydrobromous acid
Determine the name for aqueous HBr.A) bromous acid B) hydrobromous acid C) hydrobromic acid D) bromic acid E) hydrogen bromate
Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.HBr,
Which of the following best names the compound HClO 3 (aq) in aqueous solution?a) Chloric acidb) Hydrochloric acidc) Hydrogen chlorided) Hypochloric acide) Perchloric acid
Many familiar substances have common, unsystematic names. For each of the following, give the correct systematic name.muriatic acid, HCl
Which chemical formula is incorrectly matched with its name?A. iron(III) bromide: FeBr3B. nitrous acid: HNO2C. dichlorine heptoxide: Cl2O7D. calcium(III) phosphate: Ca3(PO4)2E. zinc chloride: ZnCl2
Name the acid obtained by adding H+ to the iodate ion, IO3 -.
HC2H3O2. Name the acid.
If a new halogen were discovered with the name sapline and the symbol Sa, how would the following acids of sapline be named? 
Give the SYSTEMATIC name for each of the following compounds: (a) Hg2(OH)2(b) CrO3 [Cr = Chromium] (c) H2SO3 (aq) (d) HClO3 (aq) (e) Fe3N2
Phosphoric acid reacts with potassium hydroxide.