All Chapters
Ch.1 - Introduction to Biology
Ch.2 - Chemistry
Ch.3 - Water
Ch.4 - Carbon
Ch.5 - Biological Molecules
Ch.6 - Cells
Ch.7 - The Membrane
Ch.8 - Energy and Metabolism
Ch.9 - Respiration
Ch.10 - Photosynthesis
Ch.11 - Cell Signaling
Ch.12 - Cell Division
Ch.13 - Meiosis
Ch.14 - Mendelian Genetics
Ch.15 - Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance
Ch.16 - DNA Synthesis
Ch.17 - Gene Expression
Ch.18 - Regulation of Expression
Ch.19 - Viruses
Ch.20 - Biotechnology
Ch.21 - Genomics
Ch.22 - Development
Ch.23 - Evolution by Natural Selection
Ch.24 - Evolution of Populations
Ch.25 - Speciation
Ch.26 - History of Life on Earth
Ch.27 - Phylogeny
Ch.28 - Prokaryotes
Ch.29 - Protists
Ch.30 - Plants
Ch.31 - Fungi
Ch.32 - Overview of Animals
Ch.33 - Invertebrates
Ch.34 - Vertebrates
Ch.35 - Plant Anatomy
Ch.36 - Vascular Plant Transport
Ch.37 - Soil
Ch.38 - Plant Reproduction
Ch.39 - Plant Sensation and Response
Ch.40 - Animal Form and Function
Ch.41 - Digestive System
Ch.42 - Circulatory System
Ch.43 - Immune System
Ch.44 - Osmoregulation and Excretion
Ch.45 - Endocrine System
Ch.46 - Animal Reproduction
Ch.47 - Nervous System
Ch.48 - Sensory Systems
Ch.49 - Muscle Systems
Ch.50 - Ecology
Ch.51 - Animal Behavior
Ch.52 - Population Ecology
Ch.53 - Community Ecology
Ch.54 - Ecosystems
Ch.55 - Conservation Biology
Land Plants
Nonvascular Plants
Seedless Vascular Plants
Seed Plants

Land Plants

Land Plants

Concept #2: Land Plants - 2

Concept #3: Land Plants - 3

Concept #4: Land Plants - 4

Which of the following is a synapomorphy that defines all green algae and land plants?a. Vascular tissueb. Photosynthetic chloroplastsc. Seedsd. Cell walls
A reproductive structure that produces spores by meiosis is called a _____.a. pellicle b. sporangiumc. plasmodiumd. micronucleus
In plants, haploid gametophytes produce gametes by: a. Meiosisb. Mitosisc. Fertilizationd. Sporulation 
In plants, sporophytes undergo meiosis to produce ____ spores. a. Diploidb. Tetraploidc. Triploidd. Fertilizede. Haploid
In plants, diploid parental plants called sporophytes produce haploid spores by: a. Meiosisb. Mitosisc. Fertilizationd. Recombination 
Pollen contains _____ that produce _____. a. Gametophytes, sporesb. Sporophytes, spermc. Sporophytes, sporesd. Sperm, sporese. Gametophytes, sperm
Plants are best described as _____.a. heterotrophicb. prokaryoticc. autotrophic
Which trait appeared at the arrow in the cladogram below?a. Sporic life cycleb. Euphyllsc. Pollend. Wood
Plants have a(n) _____ life cycle.a. haploidb. alternation of generationsc. diploid
Water loss from stems and leaves is prevented by _____.a. root hairsb. a waxy cuticlec. keratind. lignin
The diploid generation of plants is called _____.a. sporophyteb. sporec. gametophyted. gamete
The eudicotyledons ______.a. have parallel veins in their leavesb. have two seed leavesc. are exemplified by grassesd. flower parts in threes
Pores in the leaves, whose size can be regulated to control water loss, are called _____.a. cuticlesb. sporangiac. rhizoidsd. stomata
Which taxon is essentially equivalent to the "embryophytes"? a. Viridiplantae b. Plantae c. Pterophyta d. Bryophyta e. Charophycea
Which of the following was not a challenge for survival of the first land plants? a. sources of water b. sperm transfer c. desiccation d. animal predation e. absorbing enough light
What are three adaptations that are found in plants and how do each of these help plants survive on land?
What are three similarities between plants and their closest algal relatives. What are three differences, and how are they related to living on land?
In the sexual life cycle of plants, a _____.A. sporophyte is the plant that produces the structures that will become gametophytes.B. gametophyte is the plant that produces the sporophyte from a non-fertilized structure.C. gametophyte is the fertilized structure after fusion of the male and female gametes.D. sporophyte is the structure that produces the gametes.
1) Compare and contrast the location of the female gametophytes between gymnosperms and angiosperms. 2) What is the difference between a microsporangium and a microsporophyll?
Plant success on the terrestrial landscape is linked to the evolution of the following except:A. specialized rootsB. stemsC. specialized reproductive featuresD. increased are for photosynthesis in the leavesE. gas-filled air spaces
Compare and contrast phloem and xylem in terms of structure (cell types), mechanism of action, and products transported.
In what ways are plants and algae different?